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Monday, 26 April 2010

                                   REPORTED SPEECH

REPORTED SPEECH consists in telling somebody else what you or a person said before
When reporting speech, a few changes occur:
First....
Choose an appropriate reporting (= introductory) verb - depending on the type of discourse
N.B.: The verb is usually conjugated in the simple past
Then
Change the tenses to their past form, unless what is said is still true
Don't forget to
Change personal pronouns, possessive adjectives or pronouns - depending on the speaker(s)
and to
Remember to
Change the punctuation - depending on the type of discourse

TENSES 
    Tense in "Direct speech"
    Tense to use in Reported Speech
    SIMPLE PRESENT
    SIMPLE PAST
    .Cindy asked: "Do you like watching TV?"
    .Giles said: "I don't mind watching TV, but there are things I like better
    .Cindy asked Giles if he liked watching tV
    .Giles answered he didn't mind watching TV, but there were things he liked better.
    PRESENT CONTINUOUS
    PAST CONTINUOUS

    .Frank declared: " I am thinking about moving"
    .Frank declared he was thinking about moving
    PRESENT PERFECT
    PAST PERFECT

    She said: " I have just seen an old friend of mine"
    She said she had just seen an old friend of hers.
    FUTURE (WILL)
    CONDITIONAL (WOULD)

    I asked: " Where will you spend your holiday ?"
    I asked where they would spend their holiday.
    PAST SIMPLE He said " I study in Oxford university"
    PAST PERFECT
    He said he studied in Oxford university

ADVERBS OF TIME AND PLACE, DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
    Direct speech
    Reported Speech
    NOW
    THEN
    LAST (year, month, week...)
    THE (year, month , week...) BEFORE
    THE PREVIOUS (year, month, week...)
    YESTERDAY
    THE DAY BEFORE
    THE PREVIOUS DAY
    TOMORROW
    THE NEXT DAY
    THE FOLLOWING DAY
    NEXT (week, month, year...)
    THE (week, month, year...) AFTER
    THE FOLLOWING (week, month, year...)
    THIS
    THAT
    THAT
    THAT
    THESE
    THOSE
    THOSE
    THOSE
    HERE
    THERE
    THERE
    THERE

 Try these links:

http://englishgrammarhelp.no.sapo.pt/reported_speech.htm


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